Crash Involvement

2015 Pocket Guide to Large Truck and Bus Statistics is now available on the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) web site. The pocket Guide highlights data in support of FMCSA's mission. Much of the data is drawn from the statistics on FMCSA's web site Large Truck and Bus Crash Facts. A PDF version can be downloaded of the most recent annual edition of Large Truck and Bus Crash Facts publication, that contains descriptive statistics about deaths, injuries, and property damage resulting from crashes involving large trucks and buses. Selected crash statistics on passenger vehicles are also presented for comparison purposes.

Arlington, VA: American Transportation Research Institute, Predicting Truck Crash Involvement: A 2011 Update. This study’s findings were based on data from 587,772 U.S. truck drivers. The analysis shows that a “failure to use/improper signal” conviction was the leading conviction associated with an increased likelihood of a future crash.

The Role of Safety Culture in Preventing Commercial Motor Vehicle Crashes: Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program. Short, Jeffrey, et. al. Atlanta, GA: American Transportation Research Institute, 2007. A strong safety culture, when properly defined by a motor carrier, is not something that is unachievable. This research hopes to offer guidelines to motor carriers, and potentially to similar industries, as to best practices regarding the assessment, development, and reassessment of safety culture. The guidelines should offer motor carriers and others a method by which to see safety culture as an evolutionary process that is adaptable to changes and offers safety managers the opportunity to commit entire organizations to a single, common goal: safety.

Highway Safety Information System: An Examination of Fault, Unsafe Driving Acts, and Total Harm in Car - Truck Collisions. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration, 2004. The FMCSA has given high priority to research regarding collisions between large trucks and other vehicles on the roadway. This research aims to improve knowledge about the high-risk behaviors of truck and passenger vehicle (car) drivers.

CTBSSP Synthesis 1: Effective Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Management Techniques. Knipling, R., J. Hickman, and G. Bergoffen. TRB, The National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2003. This synthesis is a review and survey of Effective Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Management Techniques. Motor carrier safety management involves a number of diverse practices ranging from equipment management (e.g., preventive maintenance) to driver-safety incentive programs. This synthesis study identifies major safety management problems of concern to motor carrier safety managers and other industry experts. More important, it describes available approaches to enhanced safety, cites evidence for their effectiveness, and generates hypotheses for new R&D on commercial truck and bus fleet safety management practices.